This article provides a summary of Genesis 14. I encourage you to study the entire chapter on your own.

A Summary of Genesis 14

A war broke out between two teams of kings.

One team had 4 kings: king Amraphel of Babylonia, king Arioch of Ellasar, king Kedorlaomer of Elam, and king Tidal of Goiim.

The other team had 5 kings: king Bera of Sodom, king Birsha of Gomorrah, king Shinab of Admah, king Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela also called Zoar.

The team of 5 kings were subject to king Kedorlaomer for 12 years, but in the 13th year they rebelled against him. 

Some time later, the team of 5 kings joined forces and fought against king Kedorlaomer and his allies in the Valley of the Dead Sea.

Kedorlaomer’s team (the team of 4 kings) won the battle. They plundered Sodom and Gomorrah and headed home, taking with them all of the war spoils, food supplies, Abraham’s nephew Lot (who lived in Sodom) and everything Lot owned. 

Abraham heard that his nephew Lot had been captured, so he mobilized 318 trained servants, pursued Kedorlaomer’s army, attacked them, and recovered all of the war spoils, his nephew Lot, Lot’s possessions, and all of the other captives.

The king of Sodom came out to meet Abraham in the valley of Shaveh, “And Melchizedek, the king of Salem and a priest of God Most High, brought Abram some bread and wine. Melchizedek blessed Abram with this blessing: “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth. And blessed be God Most High, who has defeated your enemies for you. Then Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of all the goods he had recovered.” (Genesis 14:18-20)

The king of Sodom then asked Abraham for the captives and told him to keep the goods. But Abraham refused to keep the war spoils because he didn’t want the king of Sodom to brag that he made him rich (Genesis 14:21-24).

In the next article, we’re going to take a look at some interesting facts about Abraham’s tenth to Melchizedek.

Click here for the next article in this series.

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